Electrolytes are solutions of salts, acids and bases. These can be in solid, liquid, or even gas form. For example, carbon dioxide when dissolved in water releases carbonate and hydro carbonate electrolytes.
If you have been competing at any level, in just about any sport, chances are you are aware of the importance of electrolytes. That awareness, and how you apply it, can make all the difference to your performance.
Without electrolyte balance…your performance suffers.
In essence, an electrolyte solution is a liquid which has the potential to conduct electricity thanks to the salts, bases and acids dissolved in it. This is why in some cases molten salts, while not dissolved, may be considered electrolytes. They conduct electricity.
Electrolyte solutions vary in intensity however, and it’s this variance between dilute and strong solutions that determine how effectively the solution conducts electricity. The more water, the less electrical current transfer capacity, and the weaker the electrolyte solution.
So while water is critical to maintain hydration, it does not provide the power our bodies need. If you are training or competing, you need something more.